Place Published: Philadelphia
Publisher: Saint Joseph's University Press
Date Published: 9/2015
Book ID: 79
Edited and translated by Daniel L. Schlafly
xvii + 305 pages / index / 10 x 7 in. / 65 b/w and color images
From its founding in 1540, the Society of Jesus has been one of the most important religious orders in the Catholic Church. However, it almost vanished from the pages of history when Pope Clement XIV suppressed the Jesuits worldwide on July 21, 1773, with the brief Dominus ac Redemptor. Catherine the Great of Russia saved the Society almost singlehandedly. She protected the 201 Jesuits she had acquired in 1772 with the First Partition of Poland and insisted that they continue their apostolic work as Jesuits. For decades, her successors continued to support the Jesuits. The "Russian" Society was the only surviving Jesuit entity in the world after 1780, except for a few Jesuits in Quebec, where Governor James Murray and Bishop Jean-Olivier Briand refused to implement the brief of suppression. The "Russian" Society served as a beacon of hope for former Jesuits everywhere, made possible partial restorations outside the empire before 1814, and led directly to the general restoration of the Society in that year. How the Jesuits Survived Their Suppression: The Society of Jesus in the Russian Empire (1773-1814) examines this crucial, but little known, chapter of Jesuit history.
Table of Contents
Translator and Editor's Introduction
List of Abbreviations
Part One: The Jesuits in the Russian Empire, 1772-1820
Chapter One: The Brief Dominus ac Redemptor and the Jesuits of Belarus
Chapter Two: Consolidation and Organization of the Province of Belarus: 1776-1782
Chapter Three: Jesuit Apostolates in the Russian Empire: 1772-1820
Part Two: Approval of the Society of Jesus
Chapter Four: Papal Approval of the Society of Jesus in Russia
Chapter Five: The Contribution of the Jesuits of Belarus to the Reestablishment of the Society in Italy
Chapter Six: The Rebirth of the Society in Various Countries
Marek Inglot, S.J., is Ordinary Professor in the Faculty of History and Cultural Heritage of the Church at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome.
Daniel L. Schlafly is Professor of History and of International Studies and Director of the Russian and Eastern European Area Studies Program at Saint Louis University.
"[T]he most important function of this impressive edition is to open a conversation, and for that it could not be better-suited or better timed. . . . With the help of Inglot and Schlafly, and the otherwise long-neglected Polish and Russian sources on which this volume relies, our continuing discussion about the global Jesuit community may finally incorporate this crucial part of Europe."
Greg Afinogenov (Harvard University), Archivum Historicum Societatis Jesu
“Schlafly’s translation brings Inglot’s extensive research that encompasses sources from multiple archives in several different languages to English speaking audiences. […] [Inglot] ought to be congratulated for presenting a book with complex narrative replete with political machinations with great clarity and careful research. […] Almost any reader, especially with the aid of the introduction and biographical sketches, will be able to learn from this book. Furthermore, its beautiful color images, appendices with relevant translated documents, and detailed notes make this book worthy of bookshelves. One wonders how the information in this book will affect research and debates moving forward. Might it offer an occasion for certain Jesuit universities and high schools to reflect on the value of and restore an educational system rooted in the classical tradition?”
Thomas J. Santa Maria (Yale University) Sixteenth Century Journal
“The author provides a detailed account of the several decades when the Society of Jesus, despite the papal ban, took refuge in the Russian Empire, continued its educational projects and missions, slowly reestablished a presence in Italy, and finally won papal recognition. […] It was […] no simple task to render multiple foreign languages in idiomatic but accurate English […] The editor has also substantially enhanced the text, chiefly by expanding the scholarly apparatus. […] This new volume, printed on glossy paper, also offers 65 high-quality color plates (with images of key figures, institutions, and maps). The new version also includes a useful Biographical Appendix, with 110 vignettes of key and bit players, chiefly Jesuits. Whereas the original version had no bibliography at all, this one includes not only those cited in the footnotes of the original dissertation, but more than fifty titles that have appeared since. […] [T]his study presents a reliable account of the suppression, survival, and revival of the Society of Jesus, and how it managed to operate so successfully under the ‘enlightened absolutism’ of the Russian Empire. The editor-translator and press deserve high praise for investing so much so well.”
Gregory L. Freeze (Brandeis University), Yearbook for East European History